My rating: 4 of 5 stars
This extensive and not easy to read, but well worthwhile history of slavery in Puerto Rico, shows the importance not only of where we have been, but also what tools we have now and how to evaluate them in the light of past and present situations. The author comments that a Cooperative could have saved the small coffee producers of Puerto Rico, though not on whether that would have enabled the liberation of their enslaved workers. Yet this is a step forward in the analysis of both labour relations and the history of People of Color in the Americas.
I now also know that the family of my enslaved 5xGreat Grandfather Miles Manzilla, Sr. could even have originated in Spain itself, potentially. Our shared origins are important to know, both for understanding why enslaved workers would have defended their masters during Indian attacks, and also in deciding how to relate to our history of enslavement today. What feelings remain to be resolved on all sides?
P. 15 del pdf = P. 21 del libro
La Corona y los esclavagistas se creaban liberales y generosos, evidentemente, pero sus
esclavos no compartieron ese sentimiento!
The Crown and owners thought themselves generous, but their slaves disagreed!
P. 25=32: Ya sabîa Bartolomé de Las Casas pero no de Fray Antonio de Montesinos a favor de los
Dominicans vs Franciscans ??
P.33 Las Ordenanzas No Fueron Cumplidas... (The Orders of the King to protect the
Indigenous/Indian/Native Population Not Obeyed...)
but "Como si los indios fuesen africanos!" -Nice, Thanks. Now I know which part of my blood
P.33=P.40: At least he admitted his error before he died; Al menos se admetîa su error antes
de su muerte.
Updates online... (Courtney, Richard H., Ruth A., Michelle, Thomas and Mel will certainly like
this book, and Akshat Liked an early update...)
P.77pdf=P.86 del documento: The author thinks that a Cooperative would have saved small
producers in PR from the falling coffee prices (due to Cuban overproduction)...
P.109pdf=P.119 book: Pardos must be like me: morenos claros ?
P. 111pdf=P.119 book: Alot of English testimony from ship captains: 14 British citizens sold
into slavery by contrabandists, apparently never freed (though 7 were identified!!).
P. 126 So France had a Black Code, too? Of course, where did the southern colonies/states
(USA) get them from...
3 November, 1839: Pope Gregory XVI condemned the Slave Trade? and Baltimore, and Maryland...
In summary, there was not only lots of Mestisage, but a good bit of back-and-forthing of slaves between PR and the English and French-speaking colonies. Thus, entirely possible that Miles Manzilla, Sr's family was of Spanish colony origin.
Read, Write, Run, Teach !
18 February, 12016 HE
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